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Law School Tiers

It's not a perfect science
Tags: Choosing a Law School, Law School Tiers, Tier 1 Law Schools, Tier 2 Law Schools, Tier 3 Law Schools, Tier 4 Law Schools
Apr 2, 2023

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. What are the Tier 1 Law Schools?
  3. What are the Tier 2 Law Schools?
  4. What are the Tier 3 Law Schools?
  5. What are the Tier 4 Law Schools?
  6. Are there schools that don’t fall into the 4 Law School Tiers?
  7. Related Articles

Introduction to Law School Tiers

First an important note. There is no universally agreed upon neat chart that outlines each law school and their ‘tier.’ Instead, terms like “tier 1 law schools” or “tier 3 law schools” are general categorizations of law schools. These tiers typically originate from the USNews annual rankings of law schools.

Although law school tiers aren’t a hard and fast rule, the general idea of “tier 1 law schools,” “tier 2 law schools,” “tier 3 law schools,” or “tier 4 law schools” (typically people accept that there are 4 tiers) has caught on, and the idea has created a bit of a reinforcing circle.

So in this article I will try to breakdown the four tiers of law schools and identify some other things you should think about when considering if a law school is a “tier 1 law school.”

What are the Tier 1 Law Schools?

It is generally accepted that the Tier 1 Law Schools are the same as the T14 Law schools. 

T14 law schools are the schools that are consistently ranked between 1 and 14 by USNews. 

Traditionally the T14 schools are:

  1. Yale Law School (always #1)
  2. Stanford Law School (#2–3)
  3. Harvard Law School (#2–4)
  4. University of Chicago Law School (#3–5)
  5. Columbia Law School (#4–5)
  6. New York University School of Law (#5–6)
  7. University of California Berkeley Law School (#6–9)
  8. University of Pennsylvania Law School (#7–8)
  9. University of Virginia Law School (#7–10)
  10. University of Michigan Ann Arbor Law School (#7–10)
  11. Duke Law School (#10–11)
  12. Northwestern Law School (#10–12)
  13. Cornell Law School (#13–14)
  14. Georgetown Law School (#13–15)

Special mention: University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA) which sometimes pops up to #14. 

Some people/sites/reddit will expand the Tier 1 schools to cover any school ranked top-50 by USNews. This is usually a simplification made to simply break the ~200 law schools into equal groups of 50 i.e. Tier 1 Law schools = 1-50, Tier 2 Law Schools = 51-100, Tier 3 Law schools = 101 - 150, Tier 4 law schools = everything left.

Unsolicited recommendation from LSD: take advice from anyone who simplifies law school comparisons this much with a grain of salt. 

What are the Tier 2 Law Schools?

Going to a T14 school will let you work pretty much anywhere in the US and make BigLaw money, if you want to work BigLaw hours. However, about ⅔ of all law school graduates in ABA accredited law schools in the US end up working in the state where they graduated, so going anywhere in the country might not really matter.

There are schools that are lower ranked by USNews that have great employment outcomes and therefore could be considered Tier 1. However, it's a little harder to get a job anywhere in the country from these schools. This means that you can make BigLaw money, if you want to work BigLaw hours AND you don't mind sticking around in the state or region when you went to school.

Below are the schools that we consider tier 2 law schools because the students are getting top-tier, but typically local jobs. There are quite a few of these law schools and the above the law (ATL) rankings are a good spot to start. Any school that you see on ATL rankings that you don’t see on USNews T14 can safely be called a Tier 2 School. 

This means that the tier 2 law schools include:

  1. Vanderbilt University
  2. Washington University in St. Louis
  3. Northwestern University
  4. University of Texas at Austin
  5. University of California—Berkeley
  6. University of Georgia
  7. University of Notre Dame
  8. University of Southern California
  9. University of Illinois—Urbana Champaign
  10. University of North Carolina
  11. Wake Forest University
  12. Brigham Young University
  13. University of California—Los Angeles
  14. University of Florida (Levin)
  15. Boston College
  16. Washington and Lee University
  17. Stanford University
  18. University of Kansas
  19. University of Minnesota
  20. Georgetown University
  21. University of Iowa
  22. Boston University
  23. Villanova University
  24. University of Utah
  25. University of Kentucky
  26. Ohio State University
  27. University of Alabama
  28. University of Missouri
  29. Wayne State University
  30. University of Houston
  31. Florida State University
  32. Texas A&M University
  33. University of Tennessee
  34. University of Wisconsin
  35. Drexel University

So a safe understanding of Tier 2 Law schools is the schools with great outcomes that USNews doesn’t recognize as T14. 

What are the Tier 3 Law Schools?

Tier 3 Law schools are generally all of the other law schools that USNews takes the effort to individually rank. These tend to change year over year quite a bit. The best way to determine an actual list is to look at the USNews rankings for any law school that is ranked better than the bottom mass grouping. In the 2022 law school rankings this tier 3 grouping includes any school not listed by name in tier 1 and tier 2 law schools that was ranked 146 or above by USNews. 

So, what are the Tier 3 Law schools? Honestly, there are about 100 so there are too many to list. However, if you look at the LSD rankings you can just look for any school that we haven't mentioned in the previous two tiers that is ranked 146 or better.   

What are the Tier 4 Law Schools?

Tier 4 Law schools are every school that we haven’t mentioned yet that has been accredited by the ABA. USNews includes some of these schools in their rankings in a big group (147-192) and doesn’t rank others. You could argue that USNews unranked law schools are worse than those that USNews ranks 147-192, but most likely the benefit is marginal. Our belief is that the important distinction comes down to: ABA accredited or not.  

Are there schools that don’t fall into the 4 Law School Tiers?

In short, yes. Schools that are not ABA accredited do not fall into these 4 tiers of law schools. I would consider any law school that is not ABA accredited below any tier-4 law school. Anyone attending a non-accredited law school should question if they are getting their money’s worth before paying money to go.

Final word on Law School Tiers.

We broke down the value of USNews rankings in an article already. Bottom line on USNews ranking helpfulness is “Ehhhhhh.” Therefore, the value of ‘law school tiers’ is the same. Sure it is easy to look at 4 groups instead of all school. But in reality, each school has its own incoming and outgoing class profile, that you should consider before you paying tuition to that law school. 

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Windsor MIT '22, Harvard College Advisor

I am the half of LSD that didn't take the LSAT, or go to law school (Sorry about that). But I did go to MIT business school while surrounded by law students and lawyers, so I am somewhat qualified to talk about the intricacies of law school apps and finances.

Windsor (the dog) didn't write this but he WAS a Resident Tutor and career advisor at Harvard College with me, so deserves some credit.

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robotarmsapartments
21:19
Enjoy the weekend
8888887777776t6t
21:19
Haha. I'll try. You too.
That is miserable, I am sorry for that outcome
8888887777776t6t
21:23
At this point, what I want is an OSU A with a full ride. Judging from lsd data, that seems realistic. If that happens, it'll come down, most likely, to OSU and a small handful of (slightly) better schools that haven't given me a full ride.
honestly, i think they overlooked a lot of 1/22 II's @8888887777776t6t
only 1 1/22 has heard back, and i haven't, neither has my roommate who has the exact sam stats + when to cornell UG
8888887777776t6t
21:23
Oh, I see you're a 1/22. Phew! Gives me hope. :)
8888887777776t6t
21:23
I hope you're right.
their app closes today, so they need to fill out a class w/ their current pool.
8888887777776t6t
21:27
I don't really understand how they could overlook IIs though. Like, do you mean they made a mistake in overlooking them or that they deliberately set them temporarily aside for some reason?
the latter
additionally, idt they go by sent date, most of the A's seem to be mixed dates
Done with my hail mary cornell app
No more living in regret abt skipping them the one year they decide to like splitters
8888887777776t6t
21:31
Bro, it's not a hail mary. You have a 180.
8888887777776t6t
21:33
@sufferchildrensmiths: Also, you're making me more hopeful (though I still want to keep my expectations low at this point). For we do have a fair amount in common besides the 1/22 II date. We both submitted on the same date, we have the same GPA, and we both have a grad degree.
8888887777776t6t
21:37
I'm at 15/15, so I'm going to stop talking now. :)
Good luck, I am glad hope has returned
0:16
sup everybody
hello lsd.law user hotwhale
good to meet you
DLH
1:12
Silly question: Is the standard procedure for withdrawing an acceptance/waitlist to simply email the admissions department/primary contact?
@FranticSpiffySwallow: You'll get into a top school
some reverse-splitter will counteract your GPA
if your school does not do out of 4.3, then you have nothing to worry about. :)
Pongleton
11:56
For a scholarship that has an additional essay do yall think the scholarship committee reads your full app to that school plus the extra essay or just the extra essay? Trying to figure out if things would be too repetitive
[] ararara
12:19
@DLH: yes!
Ijustwannagetinman
12:28
What schools do we expect to have a Monday wave
CLS
cornell mayeb
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