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Simple English definitions for legal terms

standard of proof

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A quick definition of standard of proof:

Standard of proof: The level of proof required in a specific case, such as "beyond a reasonable doubt" or "by a preponderance of the evidence." It's like a rule that says how sure we need to be before we can say something is true. In civil cases, the person who sues someone else needs to prove their case by showing that it's more likely than not that they're right. In criminal cases, the prosecutor needs to prove their case beyond a reasonable doubt, which means they need to be almost completely sure that the person they're accusing is guilty.

A more thorough explanation:

The standard of proof refers to the level of evidence required to prove a case. It can be different depending on the type of case and the court where it is being heard.

The burden of persuasion is the responsibility of a party to convince the fact-finder (usually a judge or jury) to view the facts in a way that favors that party. This burden can be different in civil and criminal cases.

  • In a civil case, the plaintiff has the burden of persuasion and must prove their case by a preponderance of the evidence. This means that they must show that it is more likely than not that their version of the events is true.
  • In a criminal case, the prosecution has the burden of persuasion and must prove their case beyond a reasonable doubt. This means that they must show that there is no other reasonable explanation for the evidence presented other than the defendant's guilt.

These examples illustrate how the standard of proof and burden of persuasion can differ depending on the type of case. In a civil case, the plaintiff only needs to prove their case by a preponderance of the evidence, which is a lower standard than beyond a reasonable doubt in a criminal case. This is because the consequences of a civil case are usually less severe than a criminal case, such as monetary damages instead of imprisonment.

standard of need | standard of review

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15:16
lmu went to the top of my lawhub checker, that's my top choice - i hope i have good news omg
15:16
@KnowledgeableRitzyWasp: yea thats the thing, it signals a decision but offers no real insight as to which one lol. The only thing we can say is that there was a big WL wave on 02/23...we missed that, so maybeeee?
15:17
doing this just to go to mckinsey and have everyone think I'm evil
15:17
wake up cls
15:18
I want to work for WilmerHale or go work for King and Spalding since KS has NYC offices and ATL offices
fair warning everyone i've ever known at K&S was miserable
they pay a lot though so there's that
to be fair does anyone go into BL expecting to enjoy it
15:19
i want to go into lit at wachtell thats my dream tbh
do they do lit?
OptimisticPessimist24
15:19
did you go to an ivy undergrad?
15:19
being able to work on the most complex cases and surrounded by the brightest minds in law sounds amazing. also the pay obv. and the exit ops are ridiculouos (out of messages)
@TediousSparrow: i worked for a different firm that was generally regarded as having a more tolerable culture. Some are slightly better. a K&s partner told his daughter (my coworker) to apply for my firm instead lol
damn guess no upenn for me
15:20
oops got one more. ya they do ketchup and yes i did optimist
15:20
for some reason my phone stopped giving me the names of my emails on my homescreen so now I frantically think every email is duke
that happened to me too idk why
BasedBonobo
15:21
@HotWhale: the subject line of the email will be "welcome to duke law"
and it will be from william hoye
BasedBonobo
15:22
my A came 2 days after it moved to the top of lawhub
15:22
oh yeah i forgot your based in atl mountaineer
15:22
whats the best firm to make BL money and do pro bono
15:22
usnwr needs to get rid of the stupid tied rankings in the ranking lists. wdym there's no 2, 6, or 7, but others three #5s????
15:22
@BasedBonobo: I noticed it went to the top on Thursday of last week, but IDK it could have been earlier than that
usnwr needs to get rid of rankings*
BasedBonobo
15:23
@HotWhale: most ppl get their A's relatively quickly but It seems like they're going through the bulk of their apps now, I was an oct app
OptimisticPessimist24
15:23
is ATL like Vegas for hillbillies?
15:23
they get rid of all the rankings except for whichever school i wind up at, which they should make #1, i think :)
15:23
@BasedBonobo: do they do scholarships with the A or after?
ATL is a good time. I am kind of a hillbilly though
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