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Barron v. Baltimore

32 U.S. 243 (1833)

tl;dr: Bill of Rights restricted only to the National Government; SCOTUS refuses to bind states by the Bill of Rights

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The case of John Barron, survivor of John Craig, for the use of Luke Tiernan, Executor of John Craig v. The Mayor and City Council of Baltimore, concerns the interpretation of the Fifth Amendment to the US Constitution. The court ruled that the Fifth Amendment only applies to the federal government and not to individual states. The lower court erred in applying the Fifth Amendment to the state government. The plaintiff argues that their right to use the water at their wharf for navigation purposes is a vested interest and cannot be violated by the state without just compensation. However, the plaintiff's right to use their property for navigation purposes was taken away by the Mayor and City Council of Baltimore for public use. The plaintiff argues that the council's actions are actionable torts and that it is a tort to deprive a citizen of their property without compensation, even for public use. The Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction over this point, and the constitutionality of the council's authority must be questioned. The plaintiff argues that the judgment of the court of appeals should be reversed. The argument is focused on whether the court has jurisdiction over the case under the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution.

The Constitution only applies to the federal government, not individual state governments. The Fifth Amendment only applies to the federal government, not state legislation. The court has no jurisdiction over the case, and it is dismissed. There is no conflict between Maryland state laws and the US Constitution.

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Facts & Holding

Facts:Barron owned an “extensive and highly productive wharf in the...

Holding:Constitution established by the people of the US to govern...

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Barron v. Baltimore

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