Warning

Info

Table of Contents
UnreasonableWoman, SLS '24 |

0 0

Back to briefs

Allegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown

(1927)

New York Court of Appeals - 159 N.E. 173, 246 N.Y. 369

tl;dr:

A woman promised $5,000 to a college in order to set up a fund in her name, but she repudiated the promise and then died. The college sued for the unpaid amount.

Video Summary


Case Summary

In the 1927 case Allegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown, the New York Court of Appeals decided on a breach of contract dispute. A woman promised to donate money to a college if they named a scholarship fund after her. When the bank, handling her estate, didn't pay the remaining donation, the college sued.

The bank argued there was no contract since the college gave nothing in return for the woman's promise. However, the court sided with the college, declaring a valid contract existed. It determined that the college's agreement to name the scholarship after the woman and honor her memory was enough "consideration" (the legal term for what each party gets in a contract) to uphold the woman's promise.

This case set a precedent for recognizing claims based on past consideration and moral obligation. It highlights the importance of consideration in contract law and shows that courts look at the parties' intentions rather than their opinions on what is beneficial or harmful.

ICRAIssue, Conclusion, Rule, Analysis for Allegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown

LSD+ exclusive

This content is exclusively for LSD+ users.

Sign up for LSD+ for full access to the Allegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown case brief summary.

Enjoy unlimited access with our 14-day free trial.

Facts & HoldingAllegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown case brief facts & holding

Facts:Mary Yates Johnston (“MYJ”) offered to pay Allegheny College (“AC”)...

Holding:The longing for posthumous remembrance is an emotion not so...

LSD+ exclusive

This content is exclusively for LSD+ users.

Sign up for LSD+ for full access to the Allegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown case brief summary.

Enjoy unlimited access with our 14-day free trial.

DeepDiveHighlight a legal term to see the definition

Font size -+
Allegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown | Case Brief DeepDive
Majority opinion, author: Cardozo, Ch. J.
Level 1
Click below 👇 to DeepDive

The legal case involves a charitable subscription made by Mary Yates Johnston to Allegheny College, which was valid only if the provisions of her Will were first met. Although the subscription was not payable until thirty days after her death, the promisor paid $1,000 while still alive. After thirty days following her death, the promisor repudiated the promise, and the college brought an action against the executor of her will to recover the unpaid balance. The case raises issues regarding the enforceability of charitable subscriptions made without consideration and has led to controversy and differing opinions among courts in various states. The doctrine of consideration in contract law requires mutual motivation between the promise and consideration, and the doctrine of "promissory estoppel" has emerged as a substitute for consideration or an exception to its requirements. In New York, the exception of promissory estoppel has been recognized in cases involving charitable subscriptions, where the promisee incurs expenses in reasonable belief that the promise will be kept. These decisions expand the traditional concept of consideration and are supported by public policy.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.

LSD+ exclusive

This content is exclusively for LSD+ users.

Sign up for LSD+ for full access to the Allegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown case brief summary.

Enjoy unlimited access with our 14-day free trial.

Dissenting opinion, author: Kellogg, J.
Level 1
Click below 👇 to DeepDive

In this legal case, Judge Kellogg dissented from the majority opinion that the expression "In loving memory this gift shall be known as the Mary Yates Johnston Memorial Fund" constituted an offer to contract with Allegheny College. Judge Kellogg argued that the expression did not request any act from the college and was simply a gift. Even if it was an offer, it was a unilateral contract offer that was never accepted by the college. Judge Kellogg also disagreed with the majority's finding of consideration, stating that the ancient rule requiring consideration for every contract was not in danger of being effaced. The judges Pound, Crane, Lehman, and O'Brien agreed with the Chief Justice Cardozo's opinion, while Judge Kellogg was supported by Judge Andrews. The judgment was made accordingly. It should be noted that Judge Kellogg's dissenting opinion highlights a potential error in the majority's decision.

🤯 High points 🤯Key points contributed by students on LSD

LSD+ exclusive

This content is exclusively for LSD+ users.

Sign up for LSD+ for full access to the Allegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown case brief summary.

Enjoy unlimited access with our 14-day free trial.

LSD+ Case Briefs

Features

  • DeepDive for detailed case analysis
  • Over 50,000 existing case briefs
  • Instant briefs for another 6,000,000 cases
  • Highlight dictionary for legal term definitions
  • Social learning with chat and high points

Over 50,000 Cases Briefed

LSD+ gives you access to over 50,000 case briefs, more than anyone else. Be the first to email us the website of a case brief product that offers you more case briefs and we'll give you a free year of LSD+.

14-Day Free Trial

Unlimited access. Read as much content as you want during your trial with no device limitations. Cancel any time during your trial and keep access for the full 14 days.

Integrated Legal Dictionary

Lawyers and judges love to use big words. And Latin, for some reason.

Highlight a legal term in LSD Briefs and get an instant, plain English definition. Try highlighting contract or specific performance. No need to search or read through a list of definitions, simply highlight the words you don’t know and our LSDefine integration will instantly give you a definition to any of over 30,000 legal terms.

DeepDive

DeepDive allows you to explore legal cases like never before. DeepDive offers multiple levels of case summaries, which empowers you to quickly and easily find the information you need to stay on top of readings. Easily navigate through summary levels and click on any text to get more detail, all the way down to the original legal case text.

Brief anything. Instantly.

Our proprietary state-of-the-art system can instantly brief over 6,000,000 US cases. That means we can probably brief that case that your professor assigned last night when she sent you a poorly scanned pdf and told you to read every third paragraph. Or maybe she uploaded it to Canvas and didn’t really tell you to read it, but you know you probably should. Tenure does wild things to good people.

Social Learning with Chat and High Points

Study groups are a great way to learn and explore a case. LSD has chat rooms for each case to let you ask questions across the community and hear what other students struggled with and how they put it all together. Learn the key points of every case from other LSD+ users and share your knowledge with LSD High Points.

Real-Time Brief Feedback

Don’t settle for mistakes in briefs that have been there for 10 years and never fixed. Find an issue or something missing from a brief? Down vote and we will make improvements. All of our case brief editors graduated from from T14 law schools.

Allegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown

Chat for Allegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown
brief-158
👍 Chat vibe: 0 👎
Help us make LSD better!
Tell us what's important to you
LSD+ is ad-free, with DMs, discounts, case briefs & more.