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The case of Griswold v. Connecticut involved a challenge to a Connecticut law that prohibited the use of contraceptives. The Supreme Court ruled that the law was unconstitutional as it violated the right to privacy, establishing the right to privacy as a fundamental right protected by the Constitution. The appellants were arrested for providing information, instruction, and medical advice to married couples on how to prevent conception, and were charged under Connecticut statutes that made it illegal to use drugs or instruments to prevent conception and to assist or counsel others in doing so. The court held that the appellants had standing to raise the constitutional rights of the married people they served. The court declined to use Lochner v. New York as a guide and emphasized that they do not have the authority to determine the wisdom or propriety of laws related to economic, business, or social issues. However, the law in question directly affects the intimate relationship between husband and wife and their physician's role in that relationship. The court reaffirmed the principles established in Pierce v. Society of Sisters and Meyer v. Nebraska, and noted that certain rights, such as the right to educate a child in a school of the parents' choice, are protected under the First Amendment. The court also protected the freedom of association and privacy in one's associations as a peripheral First Amendment right, and has protected non-political forms of association that benefit members socially, legally, and economically.
The case involves a Connecticut law that prohibits the use of contraceptives, which violates the right of marital privacy protected by the Ninth Amendment. The majority opinion finds the law unconstitutional, while Justice Black disagrees. The author disputes the Court's argument that the law violates a right to privacy and believes that the Court should defer to the legislative process. The law does not violate any of the First, Third, Fourth, or Fifth Amendments, and the Ninth Amendment is not applicable.
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